We live on a blue planet. Over 70% of the Earth’s surface is ocean and this makes up over 99% of living space. Yet only a tiny amount of it is protected, less than 2% compared to over 12% of the land, so vital marine habitats and entire ecosystems are left at risk.
In a world where unsustainable fishing, pollution, mining and tourism threaten marine life around the world, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have an important role to play.
MPAs are regions in which human activity is being managed or restricted in order to preserve special marine environments and provide animals with a safe haven.
They may be created to protect areas of high biodiversity such as coral reefs, locations of cultural significance such as shipwrecks or sites that are important to a particular species such as breeding grounds.
MPAs are proven to benefit humans, the environment and wildlife in a number of ways: